History of the Border Collie

the border collie
the border collie – image by anna dudkova

The Border Collie has existed since people in what is now Britain first started employing dogs to guard and herd sheep.

Rising to prominence as one of the most precious possessions a shepherd could have. Border Collies are excellent guard and herding dogs.

The type changed depending on the geography or the type of work needed in each area. The names Welsh Sheepdogs, Northern Sheepdogs, Highland Collies, and Scotch Collies were finally given to these herding dogs.

Collie, which describes sheepdogs, originates from the Scottish dialect. Therefore, the Border Collie’s name symbolizes his half-Scottish ancestry.

Most breeders regard the Border Collie as the best sheep herding dog and recommend breeding Border Collies strictly to working standards. However, they do not recommend breeding them for conformation standards.

Furthermore, it is due to the breed’s exceptional herding aptitude. The AKC recognized the Border Collie breed officially in 1995.

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Also, Border Collie is regarded as the best dog because they are widely recognized as the most intelligent dog breed worldwide and are quick to possess limitless skills. So let’s look at what gives Border Collies their unique smartness

The Border Collie Size

Males weigh 35 to 45 pounds and measure 19 to 22 inches tall. Females weigh 30 to 40 pounds and stand 18 to 21 inches tall.

The Border Collie Personality

Border Collies are powerhouses. His temperament is often lively, vivacious, diligent, and intelligent. He picks things up quickly, sometimes making it challenging to keep him interested.

This breed enjoys keeping occupied. He actually needs to be busy since otherwise, he gets bored and starts acting annoyingly, like barking, digging, or chasing cars.

Also, this breed needs to be active. They do not do well lying around. He loves to run and work all day herding sheep, so keep that in mind.

Breeders recognize Border Collies as exceptionally perceptive to their handler’s cues, including whistles, hand signals, and raised eyebrows.

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The Border Collie has the potential to be autonomous and self-reliant. Additionally, his need to herd can become misguided. He tends to gather and chase kids, cars, and animals when there aren’t any sheep or any kind of jobs available.

In addition, if he isn’t properly socialized as a puppy, he may develop fears or shyness. The sensitive Border Collie can develop confidence with the aid of puppy lessons and a lot of exposure to various people, places, and objects.

The Border Collie’s Friendliness With Children And Other Pets

As long as you raise and train your pet properly while he is young, the Border Collie is a terrific family pet. He gets along with kids and other animals, but if his herding instincts aren’t otherwise satisfied, he’ll bite, chase, and bark at kids and animals.

In order to prevent biting or ear or tail tugging on either party. You should always teach your kids how to approach and play with the Border Collie. Also, it would be best to carefully supervise any interactions between young children and dogs.

Teach your youngster never to try to steal a dog’s food or approach a dog when he or she is eating or resting. Dogs and children should never be left unattended, regardless of how nice they are.

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Health Issues Of The Border Collie

Although Border Collies are often healthy, susceptible to some health issues like all breeds. It’s crucial to be aware of these diseases if you’re thinking about getting a Border Collie, even if not all of them will affect them.

Collie Eye Anomaly

This genetic disorder alters and abnormally develops the eye, often resulting in blindness. It usually occurs when your pet is two years old, and the disease is not yet cured.

Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA)

This group of eye conditions causes the retina’s progressive degeneration. Affected dogs initially develop night blindness; as the illness worsens, they begin to lose their daytime vision. Many affected dogs adjust to their diminished or lost vision well as long as their environment doesn’t change.

Hip Dysplasia

Hip dysplasia causes the thighbone not to fit securely into the hip joint, and it is a hereditary problem. Dogs can exhibit lameness and pain in one or both of their hind legs, although not all of them do. In either case, as the dog ages, arthritis might appear.

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This neurological condition is often, but not always, inherited. Epilepsy can cause mild or severe seizures. It may show itself as unusual behaviour, such as running haphazardly, staggering, or even falling down.

Other symptoms include stiff limbs and loss of consciousness.

While the medical prognosis for dogs with idiopathic epilepsy typically has a fairly good outcome. Watching your pet undergo a seizure can be frightening. It is vital that you take your dog to a veterinary doctor for proper diagnosis and treatment.


Dogs can develop allergies to three different types of things: food, contact, and inhalant. Food allergies are treated by removing particular foods from the dog’s diet.

Contact allergies are brought on by a reaction to a substance applied topically, such as bedding, flea powder, dog shampoo, and other chemicals.

Furthermore, inhalant allergies are brought on by airborne allergens like pollen, dust, and mildew. The course of treatment depends on the underlying reason and may involve dietary changes, medication, and environmental modifications.

Osteochondrosis Dissecans (OCD)

This orthopaedic disorder, which is brought on by abnormal cartilage formation in the joints, typically affects the elbows but has also been observed in the shoulders. The dog’s elbow becomes so painfully stiffened by it that he is unable to bend it.

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Caring For The Border Collie

Although the Border Collie is a very flexible dog, he does best in a setting where he has some area to roam, such as a rural farm or ranch or a city house with a securely enclosed yard.

He must be shielded from his not-so-smart instinct to chase cars because of his tendency to herd and chase.

Regardless of the environment, he requires a lot of daily mental and physical stimulation and needs an owner who can provide it.

This may be a substantial challenge for owners who are ill-informed about what they are signing up for.

If you’re considering obtaining a Border Collie, ensure you can provide a proper outlet for his innate activity and sharp intelligence.

Feeding/Nutritional Requirements For The Border Collie

1.5 to 2 cups of premium food should be consumed every day, split between two meals.

The amount of food you will give your pet depends on his size, age, build, metabolism, and degree of activity. Like people, each dog is unique. Thus, they don’t all require the same amount of food.

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An active dog will require more than a couch dog, which should almost go without saying.

The kind of dog food you purchase also matters; the better the food, the more effectively your dog will derive nourishment from it, and the less you will need to pour into the bowl.

Coat Color And Grooming Your Pet

Border Collie breeds come in both rough and smooth coat variations. They have two coats—a softer undercoat and a rougher outer coat. Also, the medium-length rough version has to feather on the belly, chest, and legs.

However, the smooth variant has a generally coarser texture than the rough variety, is short all around, and has less feathering.

Border Collies typically wear a black coat with a white blaze on their face, neck, feet, legs, and tail tip. It may, however, be any solid colour, merle, bicolour, or tricolour other than white.

This breed require weekly brushing to maintain the coat’s even distribution of oils.

To reduce hair shed throughout the house during shedding season, more frequent brushing is a good idea (he sheds seasonally). Only bathe when necessary, which is roughly every four months or when he is extremely unclean or smells bad.

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To get rid of tartar accumulation and the bacteria that live inside, brush your Border Collie’s teeth at least twice or thrice weekly. Even better than twice-daily brushing is the prevention of foul breath and gum disease.

Trim his nails once a month, and once a week, check his ears for debris, redness, or an odour that might be an infection. To avoid issues, clean them out once a week with a cotton ball moistened with a mild, pH-balanced ear cleanser.

Check your pet’s feet, nose, mouth, eyes, and skin for sores, rashes, or infection-related symptoms, including redness, tenderness, or inflammation, when you groom them. Clear eyes without any redness or discharge are ideal. You can identify potential health issues early with the help of your meticulous weekly examination.

We’ve reached the end of the article that talks about The Border Collie Breed: What You Need To Know About This Breed. Stay tuned for more articles related to The Border Collie Breed. You might find the article: Black and White Border Collies interesting.

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